I. Jeffersonian Democracy
B. Jefferson's election in 1800 shifted regional power to South and West from mercantile aristocracy of Northeast
C. Jefferson's views:
2) Insistence on strong local governments
3) Each generation should remake its laws to stimulate democracy
2. John Marshall rejected their claim, contending that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional.
b) Victory for Federalists--greatly expanded power of Supreme Court by establishing precedent of court ruling laws unconstitutional.
2. Aaron Burr kills Hamilton in duel
3. Burr moves west to avoid prosecution and conspires with Wilkinson, the military governor of Louisiana, to establish a western nation with British help
4. Wilkinson betrayed Burr and arrested him for treason. A jury
found Burr not guilty, but sectional tensions persisted.
2. Jefferson sent agents in Paris to purchase New Orleans.
3. Short on cash and faltering in an invasion of Haiti, Napolean offers entire territory for $15 million
4. Jefferson's vision of an American continent outweighed his belief in a strict interpretation of the Constitution and the Louisiana Territory was added to the U.S.
5. Two expeditions sent out to explore new land:
b) Zebulon Pike (1805) explored headwaters of Mississippi and southern Rocky Mountains.
2. Jefferson responded with Embargo Act which prohibited all American trade with foreign ports
b) Jefferson became object of hate in New England
b) Provided for re-opening of trade with England and France if interference ended
Feldmeth, Greg D. "Jeffersonian Era," U.S. History Resources <http://www.polytechnic.org/faculty/gfeldmeth/lec.jeff.html (Revised w7 June 2004).