I. Major Goals of Marshall, who was appointed by Pres. Adams in 1801
B. Diminish the powers of the states
C. Perpetuate the Federalist principle of centralization.
D. Property rights of individuals need to be protected from
II. Strengthening the National Government
2. U.S. v. Peters (1809) established the Court's right to coerce a state legislature
3. Martin v. Hunter's Lessee (1816) confirmed the Court's right to overrule a state court
4. Cohens v. Virginia (1821). States were no longer sovereign in all respects since they had ratified the Constitution. State courts must submit to federal jurisdiction.
B. Cases expanding the powers of Congress
2. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) gave the national government undisputed control over interstate commerce by ruling invalid a steamboat monopoly chartered by New York state. This freed internal transportation from state restraint.
III. Weakening the States
B. Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) -- By forbidding the state legislature to alter the college charter, Marshall established the principle that charters were contracts which could not be impaired.
C. Martin v. Mott (1827) denied a state the right to withhold its militia from service.
IV. Legacy of Marshall
B. Opened the way for an increased federal role in promoting economic growth
C. Affirmed protection for corporations and other private economic institutions from local governmental interference. This allowed for the growth of the new industrial capitalist economy.
Feldmeth, Greg D. "The Legacy of the Marshall Court," U.S. History Resources <http://www.polytechnic.org/faculty/gfeldmeth/lec.marshall.html ( Revised 30 June 2004).